A sauna is often not the big building, and some choose to let the form expression describe this modesty. Others take architectural grips that give the sauna monumental qualities.
A group of architectural students at the Oslo Architecture and Design College (AHO) chose the last one when they were commissioned to create a sauna attached to the Arts and Culture Center at Kleivan in Lofoten.
The Scarcity and Creativity Studio (SCS) at AHO wants to give students the opportunity to draw and build real-world projects in the public space.
The Bands, called the sauna, are built in conjunction with an old abandoned fishing village to be converted into a cultural center.
Sauna on a stone bridge
Over the years, the old fishing village had decayed. The rust had taken hold of the metal, while the rudder looked desperate in the wood. It was time for effort. The buildings should be given a new life, and a sauna should be built at the edge of the bridge.
– There are three other buildings on the plot; a jetty, a tranpera and a rorbu. These are now set up and get new features. The plan is that the site will become a cultural center for film production. Badstua and the outdoor area will, when the entire project is finished, be used by filmmakers who work here, but also by the local community, explains Solveig Sandness. She is a senior lecturer at AHO, and was one of the supervisors of the 23 students who worked on the project.
More than just a sauna
The sauna has become so much more than just a place to sit on a towel and tame for sweat. The building has got many additional features. The three bands that float beyond the concrete kayak and the rocky gorges consist of stairs, seats, benches, bow legs and a terrace. In addition, the sauna also includes a changing room.
– Sauna is as important as kitchen or bedroom
Another advantage of the bands was that they created a nice light in the sauna in the areas where the bands separated layers and that they gave huge openings to the sea, the sky and the mountains, says Sandness.
There is a distinctive landscape in which the sauna stands, with rock formations such as tearing holes in the clouds, and swabs that escape into the sea. It required an architecture that took a stand and was not indifferent to the context in which it should stand.
Going home from the 70’s a real face lift
The sauna consists of two smaller buildings and three bands floating beyond three levels. Everything is designed in wood.
The ties were a clear and clear way of connecting the different levels in a comprehensive way, “says Sandness, adding that some of the students commented that the sauna building itself resembles the mountains behind the sauna.
Historical value sauna
The original buildings date back to the early 1900s, and they have a historical value because they are testimonies from a time-scale that characterized the area. The buildings are therefore also located in the cultural heritage plan for Lofoten. This means that the buildings can be refurbished, but the exterior can not be changed.
The 70’s hut was full of pine
The Student Group’s mission was to establish plans for how the site should be rebuilt, as well as to design and build the sauna. The objective is that the center should provide reference to similar measures in the region.
23 suggestions came to one
SCS consisted of 23 students, each of whom submitted a proposal. These were evaluated and then reduced to seven proposals, which were evaluated in groups of three to four students. And so, one continued to reduce the number of proposals and increase the number of students in each group until a proposal was submitted, which included the preparation of drawings, cost estimates, purchase lists, design calculations and building plans.
The architect took a fancy grip when she bought the little 70’s hut
– By working this way, all students get ownership of the project we eventually build. It all becomes a big, joint group effort, deepens Sandness.
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