Architecture

This is essential for book quality

Housing with a lot of light and good ceilings

This is essential for book quality

There are several factors that determine book quality.

The number of square meters is important for how much space it is in the home, but at least as important how well the square meters are utilized.

Ceilings and lighting conditions in the home are also essential for a comfortable living environment.

Well said about living well

“Living well is about having opportunities for an everyday life as rich as possible in good experiences. The fact that going to the bathroom in the morning will be a nice start to the day that the sun hits the breakfast table, that there is room for lubricating our food packages next to each other that the table collects us before we go to each other to find my gloves leave when I got home yesterday. And that we who live together can do different things at the same time: dance, play, play the piano, watch movies, work in front of the PC, cook, rest. In short, it’s about making it possible for all the little things to be done to make life simple and as bright as possible.. “

Eli Støa, “The World’s Best Housing Standard”, Adresseavisa Home Attachment, 02. 10. 2015

Book quality over time

Having many windows in the home makes the rooms feel open and airy.

Magazine Bonytt has received three experts to describe what factors are important for book quality over time and in different phases of life.

Read more about what experts say about lighting conditions and ceilings at the bottom of the case.

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The ceiling height must be increased

This is essential for book quality

HIGH BY THAT: 1. Although the economy was tighter in the late 1800s than it is today, many resources were often invested in housing construction. The apartments in the towns often had ceilings of three meters, and the transitions between wall and ceiling were often richly decorated. Here from Bislett in Oslo. 2. Today’s staircases are often added outside the building to maximize land use. Wide staircases with a bright light fall are the past. This upturn is from an expensive 19th century farmhouse in Copenhagen. 3. Ullevål hageby has interesting architects and town planners since the interwar period, perhaps primarily because of its overall plan where all units have access to the garden and green. But also the internal proportions are highlighted as better than much of what is being built today. The ceiling height of this kitchen is 275 cm, 35 cm more than today’s minimum requirements. Photo: Espen Grønli and Niklas Hart

This is essential for book quality

OVER MINIMUM REQUIREMENTS: 1. The apartments in the housing project Kong Sverre in Trondheim belong to the few, but still more, who have ceilings above the minimum requirement. Here it is 260 cm, monotonous. no. 2. The apartments affected by the professionals’ criticism are often found in deep towns and have no passing beam. The ceiling height is the minimum requirement, giving a little cubic per. square meter. This leads to less daylight in the home. Photo: Niklas Heart

– In the living rooms the roof height should be greater, says Cathrine Vigander.

Cathrine Vigander is a partner of the architectural firm Element Arkitekter, which is responsible for the award-winning housing project Dælenenggata 36. The company is also an active driver in raising the quality of housing that is being built today. One of the measures is the facebook group 2.6 meters, which encourages the authorities to set 260 cm as a minimum height in new apartments.

Is it getting worse today?

Yes, the overall production of apartment projects is of lower quality. I think about 75 percent of housing production today holds too low a standard. One common problem is that it’s too low under the roof. The current requirement of 240 cm, which was introduced in 1967, was well thought. The problem is that the minimum requirement became the new standard. When the first building law, the Health Act, was passed in 1827, the minimum requirement was also 240 cm below the beam. But since then we have become significantly higher. The furniture is larger and the bench height has increased, but the ceiling height is unchanged. Therefore, we also believe that the minimum requirement should be increased.

Why would we have got better housing then?

Because light and air are the most important in a home. Research shows that lower ceilings give poorer concentration and emphasize the feeling of closeness. A good ceilings give freedom of mind, stimulates creativity and abstract thinking, and we know that daylight is important to work. But we probably have an unconscious relationship with how these factors affect us. We are not always good at knowing why we are thriving or mistaken.

Does not increased ceilings also require more energy?

Increased ceiling height allows for larger windows, but windows are also an energy source or free heat source, not just a heat loss. We must not forget.

Should the ceiling height be raised everywhere?

No, it may be lower in parts of the unit, as in the bathroom and in the booth. But in the living rooms the roof height should be greater.

Could there be too much light and air?

Yes – one should not sit in a glasshouse. The good home is airy, good with daylight, while having intimate zones. Therefore, I’m not so sure whether the kitchen and living room should always be in the same room, as the trend is today. Maybe more lounges than one big? Many people miss the warm and cozy in the home.

Do you think tomorrow’s apartments will be better than today?

Yes, we now have a fantastic focus on design and architecture. Although many still say that they do not think it’s important, there are still more people who are keen on quality. It promises good for the future.

Deep apartments get too little daylight

– A typical example are 60-70 square meters of flats with living room and kitchen in the same room but without direct daylight.

This is essential for book quality

EXPERT: Cathrine Vigander is a partner in the architectural firm Element Arkitekter, which is responsible for the award-winning housing project Dælenenggata 36. Photo: Private

Eli Støa is Professor of Housing and Settlement at the Faculty of Architecture and Visual Arts at NTNU. She has been researching Norwegian housing for a number of years, and is currently conducting a project that deals with the importance of housing quality in Norwegian asylum reception.

What is the amount of daylight in new homes versus older?

New apartments are getting less daylight. This is largely due to the fact that the buildings are deeper. A typical example is apartments of 60-70 square meters with living room and kitchen in the same room, but without direct daylight. On the opposite side, you may have a bedroom window against a swallow where the curtains are pulled for most of the time, to prevent access.

Is this not a necessary consequence of staying closer?

We do not get it out of order. It is important to make the most of a small area. But it can be done differently. An important step is to reduce the depth of the houses. One must try to get daylight from several directions.

How does ceilings affect the experience of the rooms?

It feels better to stay in rooms with high ceilings. You breathe better. But all rooms do not need to have the same ceilings, or floor level for that matter. Level differences create variation in the experience of the rooms. Architect Le Corbusier talked about an architectural migration, that is, using architectural means to make the movement through the dwelling as rich and varied as possible.

When do you think the best residential buildings were built?

Although the last half of the 19th century was characterized by both the dwelling and the speculation building, apartments were built at that time with robust qualities. The rooms have dimensions and daylight conditions that make them both good at, and cause them to work for different purposes over time. Otherwise, the interwar period was characterized by new thinking. The social involvement among architects and town planners was huge and they considered it a particularly important task to offer affordable housing with good quality. Projects such as Ullevål hageby and Lille Tøyen in Oslo, both built around 1920, are also examples today. But after the war, when things were going to happen very quickly, the quality went down. At the same time, it was a long time to hold on to some basic qualities, such as daylight and good outdoors. So when we show exemplary examples to the students, there are often homes from the 20-30’s and 60’s.

How would you describe the level of common rooms today?

There is often too little work in what meets us when we arrive and leave the home. Often the doorway is a door to a corridor or a dark stairwell. It contrasts with earlier periods when poorer advice was given than today, yet provided for stairwells with daylight and even often artistic decorations. Today it is almost unthinkable to put such resources in a stairwell.

Book quality is not the most important for quality of life

– Studies show that daylight is important for quality of life.

Åshild Lappegard Hauge is environmental psychologist, a subject that looks at the connection between our mental state and the physical environment surrounding us. Hauge works as Senior Researcher at SINTEF Building Research. She is particularly concerned with user experiences of passive houses, climate adaptation and book quality for disadvantaged people.

This is essential for book quality

EXPERT: Eli Støa is Professor of Housing and Settlement at the Faculty of Architecture and Visual Arts at NTNU. Photo: Private.

What is the relationship between book quality and quality of life?

Social relationships, work situation and life situation are more important than book quality. At the same time, the residence is a reflection of the life we ​​live. It reflects socioeconomic status and family situation, identity and taste. If we feel the home reflects our lives in a good way, we will be more pleased with the residence.

Which book qualities, besides the purely technical, are most important for quality of life?

The factors that affect social processes in a positive way. As a floor plan, and enough space. But neither is this strictly causative. If you only have one room where the TV can stand, you must be good at turning it off when you want to chat in the family.

What has enough light and air in the home to say how we thrive?

Studies show that daylight is important for quality of life. Dark or windowless rooms give us discomfort. Daylight and sunlight affect our daily rhythm, and suppresses depression, pain and experience of stress.

What about the possibility of privacy in the home?

Being able to shield impressions is important for mental health. A good home gives the opportunity to be alone and thus to reflect. The ability to be alone with the people you want is also important in order to develop close relationships.

When does book quality have the most to say for the quality of life?

Book quality can be especially used to affect the quality of life of disadvantaged people. It is most noticeable when the contrasts are large. Former criminals and drug addicts are often placed in the worst apartment in the worst neighborhood, but when placed in a good home anyone could live in, it becomes a symbol of normality. Studies show that motivating to have life on the right chill may be motivated. Together with social measures, book quality is therefore a measure of quality of life. The same applies to asylum seekers and refugees, where increased book quality can promote integration.

What does environmental psychology say about what we think we need and what we actually need?

I think many housing needs are influenced by the culture and the time we live in, as the need for comfort. Basically, there is very much we have that we strictly do not really need. But further up in the needs pyramid we find that the possibilities of expressing themselves creatively through their surroundings, making them their own, have great value.

This is essential for book quality

EXPERT: Åshild Lappegard Hauge is Environmental Psychologist and Senior Researcher at SINTEF Building Research. Photo: Private

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