It is approaching December, Advent and Christmas. A period that not only involves indoors, decorations and food but also unfortunately the time of year when most of the house fires take place. In fact, according to the Boligbrann operation, it burns in almost 50 percent more homes in December than in an average month otherwise in the year.
Usually at this time of year are the typical fire causes that dominate; forgotten stews on the stove, saucepans that stand and boil over or carelessness using candles. But there are also many other firefighters on the nap at your home, the question is just: How good are you to keep in mind?
1. You do not plug mobile charger, coffee maker and kettle
According to a survey done by TNS Gallup for If Non-Life Insurance, every third-party coffee maker, kettle and mobile charger are always plugged into the electrical outlet.
– Many look at battery chargers and small electrical equipment as harmless, but mobile chargers get hot and can start a fire if covered, explains chief engineer Runar Bache in If to Safe and Secure.
– I would recommend avoiding making the phone at night.
Do not forget the coffee maker either.
– The day you forget the coffee maker and the kettle, you have a potential firefighter in the house, says Bache.
Coffee makers, kettles, irons, hair dryers and the like are usually equipped with thermostat. Failure of the thermostat may cause fire.
– I always take an extra round through the house after turning off the roof lights, explains the CEO and General Manager of the Norwegian Fire Protection Association, Dagfinn Kalheim, to Bonytt. no.
– It’s dark in the room and I’ll see things like coffee maker or other small electronics. It is a good habit to have.
2. You leave the dishwasher, washer and dryer go asleep
Washing machines, dishwashers and special dryers develop strong heat during use. If a technical failure occurs then this can quickly lead to fire.
– The families with children, and especially the small children, are probably the worst sinners here, explains Kalheim.
– All electrical equipment in a home poses a certain fire risk, and the fire statistics show that a large number of home fires are caused by electrical equipment failures and improper use of electrical appliances.
The expert explains that many young people probably do not share the same respect for electrical equipment that the older generation may have.
– Many think it’s ok to have these at night, at least you’re at home. But if you think so, it’s almost better to have these on when you’re out of the house, because it should be burned first, it’s almost better that this happens when nobody is in the house.
How to be safe with candle light
1. Always keep candlelight under surveillance
Never leave room with candle light, and turn off the lights if you have to leave the room.
Make sure you do not fall asleep from living light.
2. Never place candles for near combustible material
Make sure that candles do not come close to things that can burn. Pay particular attention to the distance to curtains that can flicker against the light by pulling from the window.
Also, do not place candles where people move, as loose clothes can light if they come in the lights.
3. Make sure that candles are steady
Live lights that are not steady can fall – either by themselves, dragging in the room, children’s or pet’s games or the like.
4. Never use flammable candlesticks and flammable candlesticks
Light that burns all the way down can light up or melt candlesticks and light muffs of combustible material. Homemade decorations of paper and isopor antennas are very easy and should be avoided.
Sources: Feie- og tilsynstjenester AS and Dagfinn Kalheim, general manager of the Norwegian Fire Brigade Association.
Kalheim has a good advice:
– Use 10 minutes and start the machine in the afternoon instead of just before bedtime.
3. You never have a fire drill at home
Although it may sound a bit violent with a fire exercise, the Directorate for Social Security and Preparedness believes that it is of utmost importance that both you and your family know exactly what to do and how to behave if a fire occurs in home.
Even with all the world’s precautions, and no matter how good you are, fire can still occur, “explains Kalheim..
Therefore, carry out fire exercises on a regular basis so that everyone knows where to go and what one must and should not do. Distribute responsibilities and team routines.
The expert explains that it is important to talk to the children about fire and fire prevention.
– Fire resistant children become fire resistant as young as adults as well.
4. You are careless with candles
This is a feast of candlelight and incarnation. Something that too unfortunately can result in many serious house fires if you are not careful.
– It is clear that it is nice with candlelight, explains Kalheim.
– And in no way do we want to scare people from enjoying themselves with candles, but remember that candles can cause big and serious fires. Always take precautions when lighting your home.
5. You forget to turn off the Christmas relics before you go
Both traditional Christmas tree lighting and modern mining lighting consist of the amount of light bulbs that are serial-coupled. When one of the bulbs rises, a bypass occurs in the bulb’s base which causes the rest of the bulbs to still light – but with increased strength.
– That is, if half of the light bulbs break, the remaining bulbs get double voltage, and thus quadrupled effect, explains Kalheim.
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– This may lead to overheating, which may ignite a dry Christmas tree, Christmas or other combustible material nearby.
Care should be taken to place electrical lighting too close or in direct contact with combustible material.
– Do not even cover the Christmas tree lighting with figures or cotton snow, warn Kalheim.
Lighting to be used outdoors must be especially suitable for this purpose
– Outdoor lighting also uses its own outdoor electrical outlet. Never let the cord go over the doorstep or through the window so that it is under pressure or damaged.
6. You leave the kitchen while cooking
There are no more fires in the home than in the kitchen. According to the Norwegian Fire Protection Association, dry boiling of boilers and overheating of oil and fryer is responsible for 10 to 15 percent of all housing fires. The main rule of stove use is that you never leave it while it is on.
– Drying and overheating grease and antennas are the cause of many home fires that start in the kitchen, and they are so easy to avoid if you’re just present and do not forget what’s going on. Also, never let the stove stand while you are out of the house.
Both fat and oil can easily light if it gets too hot. You should therefore stay close to the stove all the time while cooking with high heat.
– Always have a lid available, explains Kalheim.
– This allows you to quickly cover the pan or frying pan if the grease / oil ignites. And remember by all means not having water. Once you have put on the lid and pulled the pan or pan over to a cold plate, it should be left so cold that you can touch it.
Sweeping and inspection services have these good tips:
1. Turn off the hotplates if you are disturbed, for example, by a phone during cooking.
2. Never leave the home without making sure the stove is switched off
3. Clean the grease filter in the fan over the cooker regularly. Collected grease may burn if the heat from the oil becomes too strong.
4. A cooker switch automatically switches the power when the temperature becomes too high.
7. You do not turn off the TV on the
If your TV is turned off, not just the remote control, you should do this.
– But it should be said that it is much less frequent, there is a fire in modern flat screens, explains Kalheim.
– These will not heat like old tube televisions, and are certainly less flammable.
Tips to Avoid Fire in Your Home
Check that the cooker, washer and dryer are turned off
Turn off the TV using the power button on the device, not just with the remote control
Check that candle light is extinguished
Check that no heaters are covered
Clean the cooker hood for flammable grease
Check if there are fog marks or strong fuse in fuses
Look for fools in wires, cords, connectors and lights
Source: Directorate for Social Security and Preparedness (Dsb)
8. You do not check the electrical system
Kalheim believes that one should take a round in the fuse cabinet on a regular basis.
– Knowing burns, or discoloration of contacts, explains the expert.
– Missing color on contacts, connectors, and wires may indicate electrical malfunction.
The expert advises that it may be a good idea to check the plant before winter and the cold deposits every year.
– At this time, energy consumption is rising naturally, and the electrical system in the house is under heavy load. Old and older homes were basically not designed for the consumption of electricity a modern family has today.
Call an authorized electrician if you feel that something should be checked closer.
9. You have curls on wires
Joints may represent a fire hazard when lying in coil and loaded.
– If the cable is overloaded, it may result in the cord getting hot and melting, explains Kalheim.
The expert has good advice when using an extension cord:
– Pull the cable completely when in use, and do not charge it for more than it is intended for. Also, make sure that it does not get caught in windows and doorsteps.
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It is now the extension cord is coiled or lying on a drum that it represents a fire hazard.
– When the cable is turned up, the cable will isolate itself so that it is so hot that the cable insulation eventually ignites. This is especially true when connecting devices that use more power than the cable is intended for, explains the expert.
– And remember; ovens and blast furnaces should never be plugged in the wall via a skid conduit, anything that draws more than 1000 w should be right in the wall.
Flammable materials: This can not be found in your house
Therefore, always have smoke alarms in your bedroom
How to safeguard you against fire