There are several types of fire extinguishers. Here is the overview.
The Norwegian Fire Protection Association has prepared an overview of the types of fire extinguishing equipment that exist:
Powder appliance (ABC powder)
A powder device consists of a container of powder driven by compressed air when the device is triggered. The powder suffers a fire efficiently. Powders are available in many sizes, from 2 kilos and upwards. In an accommodation, an approved powder machine must be at least 6 kilos.
Advantages: Large and fast power off when used properly. Suitable for most types of fires
Disadvantages: The device is emptied quickly – a 6 kilo powder machine is empty in 10-20 seconds. The powder causes extensive cleaning after use. May damage electrical appliances. The device is heavy to carry and difficult to handle for the elderly and people with disabilities.
A foam device contains water-based foam that extinguishes fire by suffocation and cooling at the same time. In a home you must have a foam device of at least nine liters, as foam machines have a somewhat lower dusting effect than powder machines.
Advantages: Suitable for fires in solid material and flammable liquids. The cooling effect means that water is not normally required. Easier cleaning after use than using a powder machine.
Disadvantages: The device drains relatively quickly (20-30 seconds for a 9 kilo foam device) The device can not be stored at temperatures below 0 ° C. The device is heavy to carry and difficult to handle for the elderly and people with impaired functioning.
CO2 Apparatus (carbonic acid)
Carbon dioxide (CO2 / carbonic acid) displaces oxygen and thus suffers a fire efficiently. Not approved as extinguisher only, may come in addition to approved equipment.
Advantages: Large and fast extinguishing effect when used properly Suitable for fires in flammable liquids and electrical installations / equipment Do not pollute the environment
Disadvantages: Unsuitable for outdoor use because the extinguishing gas is diluted. Small throw length allows you to walk very close to the fire. Can cause health damage at high concentrations in the air you breathe. May cause frostbite on human skin. The device has high gas pressure, which may lead to fire extinguishing user
House Fire Hose
A house fire hose is a reinforced water hose rolled onto a fixed or removable drum. The house fire hose should be permanently connected to a tap. The requirement is that the hose should be able to be pulled out to all rooms. If it is not long enough, you must have a fire extinguisher as well. Get to know how to use the house fire hose.
Advantages: Unlimited Shutter Capacity. Suitable for extinguishing fires in solid material such as paper, wood and textiles (fire class A) Can be used for fires in electrical systems in homes. Easy to use, even without training.
Disadvantages: Never use against fires in greases, fryers, oils and other liquids – it gives a life-threatening explosive fire development. Risk of water damage
Fire blankets are made of glass fiber materials with strong fire resistance.
Advantages: Very effective against small fires in the initial phase. Easy to handle.
Disadvantages: Requires the fire to be detected early in the initial phase. Unsuitable for larger fires. Risk that the fire will fire again when the carpet is removed.