Pissoars, kiosks and bushes. See what the Riksantikvar has conserved.
Peace is a quality stamp and is the strictest form of protection in Norway.
When the Riksantikvar decides to frede a building, it is because it is meant to be of importance to the whole nation. Peacekeeping is to be used to ensure long-term protection of cultural heritage of national value. The municipalities can also protect buildings and areas with their own decisions under the Planning and Building Act.
It says counselor Geirr Olav Gram in the Riksantikvaren, which states that nearly 6000 buildings are protected. They are chosen from different epochs and will represent important cultural history and social development – or they are protected because the buildings have high architectural value at the national level.
So even if the kiosk, busk, pissoar and milk fighting conservation may seem strange, it must be seen in a broader context.
We have looked at nine different consecrations to illustrate the diversity in the conservation list of the Riksantikvaren.
Melbuks in Selbu
18. In December 2009, all seven milk camps in Selbu were protected by the Riksantikvaren. “With this, an important piece of Norwegian everyday life is preserved for posterity,” the reason sounded. The ramparts are an example of a widespread form of anonymous architecture that is currently disappearing.
The first milking camps came in the 50’s when Norway started by bus and truck transport of milk to the dairy. In Selbu, the creation of a new dairy in the village was built for the construction of all ramps. So by rescuing these ramps, it is documented how the milk production of Norwegian farms was driven during this period.
The ramps also had an important social significance for rural areas and outskirts. They were centrally located and became a social gathering point in the village, writes Riksantikvaren.
“Villa Stenersen is one of Norway’s foremost representatives of international modernism and functionalism. The residence has great architectural value and is also designed by one of our very greatest architects “. The stated Riksantikvar Jørn Holme da Villa Stenersen was conserved last year.
The architect behind is Arne Korsmo who, on behalf of the financier, art collector and author Rolf Stenersen and his family, designed the house.
The villa is located at the winner in Oslo and was completed in 1939. In Norwegian architecture history, Korsmo is described as one of his time’s leading performers. Through works, writings and educational activities, he helped to consolidate Norwegian modernism. Villa Stenersen is mentioned by experts as his main work and one of the clearest examples of international modernism and functionalism’s decline in Norway.
It seems that the people of the Riksantikvaren are fond of functionalism. Many buildings are protected. There is also the Ingierstrand bath which is considered an icon in Norwegian modern architecture history and one of the most special funkis facilities we have.
The history of the bathroom is interesting and a result of the 1930s focus on health and outdoor life as expressed in the new, functionalist architecture. The restaurant building gained great attention when it was completed not only in Norway but also internationally. The Riksantikvaren believes the bathroom is a “comprehensive, functionalist bathing facility with a very high architectural and cultural historical value”. It is also said that it is a cultural memory with high authenticity in materials and design.
The decision to freeze buildings is otherwise taken by the Riksantikvaren pursuant to the Cultural Heritage Act. Buildings from the Middle Ages (before 1537) are automatically protected, and Sami buildings older than 100 years are also automatically protected.
Opera House in Oslo
Operabygget is one of several national cultural buildings that are now preserved or will be celebrated such as the National Gallery, the National Scene in Bergen and the National Theater.
The Riksantikvaren considers the scene of the Norwegian Opera and Ballet as one of the largest and most important public cultural centers in Norway. Architecturally, it represents an original grip on stage architecture for singing, music and ballet of international importance, which has attracted attention beyond Norway’s borders.
Emmaus prayer house
Emmaus prayer house from 1888 is located on the farm Gyland in Flekkefjord municipality. The prayer house is considered one of the best preserved and most original prayer houses in western Agder.
But why do a prayer house love, like? The reason for the Riksantikvaren is not very complicated: peace is also about telling the story of people’s lives and work, about spirituality and important events. Therefore, there is also a Christian life that took place outside the walls of the state church.
Emmaus prayer house is just contributing to the low-culture cultural history in the part of the country where the revival movement had the greatest impact.
Rocket kiosk is located in Tromsø and can be said to have a pretty cool and striking name. The small kiosk was built in 1911 and is one of the oldest kiosks that are still in operation, writes the Riksantikvaren.
The dome roof that has given the kiosk the nickname “Rocket” has an approximately onion shape with spikes on top. So even though it does not sell as many newspapers as before, it is at least in operation.
The Riksantikvaren is also responsible for taking care of outstanding modern architecture. This is the main reason why architect Sverre Fehns Villa Busk from 1990 in Bamble is conserved.
The house is listed for the platemogue Terje Welle Busk, the man behind artists such as Sputnik and the child star Jannicke. The house has attracted international attention with a design that gives you the feeling of walking in the woods inside the house. Architect Sverre Fehn is by far the only Norwegian who has won the Pritzker Prize, a prize referred to as the architecture’s answer to Oscar.
In an interview to the newspaper Ballade, Terje Busk also tells us how he lives in a world-renowned house:
“I feel in many ways as an interpreter between the people in the world of Fehns and those in Sputnik’s world. They do not manage to communicate and they do not understand each other. I stand with one leg in each camp. Cultural personalities are having big problems talking to me because they can not put me in some drawer that we really aspire to do in Norway. Either you must understand Sputnik or you may like Sverre Fehn. It’s a way of not having a sense of both “
Owners of protected buildings and facilities can otherwise be covered by renovation costs.
Pissoaret in Stensparken
“The purpose of the conservation of the pissoar in Stensparken in Oslo is to take care of a sanitary history important example of how the city is adapted for trivial needs”. That’s what Nils Marstein then said, when the pissoar was consecrated. It was also designed by city architect Harald Aars and finished in 1937. The goal was to take care of practical considerations and have an aesthetic function as a park element. And according to the Riksantikvaren; “a representative example of the 30’s characteristic functionalist architecture”.
Buscatch in southern Varanger
March 31st. In 2009, there was a special bus race in southern Varanger. The year 2009 may seem like a creative year for the Riksantikvarens men. The popular culture was at least on the agenda, something this shed is an example of, which is really an old drawer from one of the huge excavators that had previously been used from the mine in the area.
It is dismantled and set on the head, and is made of steel.
– But what exactly is the background for frustrating a 18-ton bus shed that most can remind you of an installation from the autumn exhibition?
– The purpose is to preserve the buscraft as a cultural-historical example of lurk related to the public transport network in Norway. At the same time preserving the shed’s unique design, which symbolizes Bjørnevatten’s significance as a mining town, “explains Geirr Olav Gram, counselor at Riksantikvaren.
What do most people think about diversity in the conservation? And what exactly does the expertise mean about the strict conservation. President Kim Skaara of the Norwegian Architectural Association (NAL) explains to clicks. no that he does not have any very strong opinions about whether it is appropriate to care for a bus shed in southern Varanger or milk camps in Selbu.
Skaara is primarily concerned with the term “conservation through use”. He hopes that the Riksantikvaren, for example, will provide good solutions for how conservation of the country’s displaced cultural buildings can meet the demand for increased standards, lower energy consumption and flexibility when accommodating new users and functions.
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