architecture, modern architecture, museum
A museum’s main purpose is to showcase objects, but the museum itself is often an attraction. It stands out with an architecture that occupies a strong attraction to the audience.
The same architectural power is often found in other cultural buildings, and in Norway we have more perspectives where architecture is the central element.
In South Tyrol, a building has been built, which is both a museum and a viewpoint. The one who got built is the former Italian rock climber Reinhold Messner, the first to reach the top of Mount Everest without oxygen, and all alone. The one who has the character built is the iconic architect Zaha Hadid, who died earlier this year, but who managed to get a world name as a distinctive and uncompromising architect. She is, among other things, a recipient of the Pritzker Prize, which is regarded as the Nobel Prize of Architecture, and as our own Sverre Fehn received in 1997.
Architecture as storyteller
Reinhold Messner has a lifelong love for the mountain and its challenges. As a 20-year-old he was considered one of Europe’s best climbers, and at the age of 36, in 1980, he went as the first Mount Everest alone and without oxygen brought. When he had 10 years earlier had to amputate six toes and three fingers in a fatal climb in the Himalayas where he lost his brother.
– I do not have a desire to dramatize, but tell the story of my world, and about the people who have contributed, he has stated.
The stories are told in a building of 1000 square meters, but where the architect has wanted to reduce the ecological footprint as much as possible and therefore placed the structure in levels.
MMM Corones, the museum (MMM stands for Messner Mountain Museum), is located at Kronplatz, on the edge of southern Tyrol and threatens to slide down into the valley below.
It is the sixth and final project in Messner’s collection of museums he has traveled in the Italian Alps. He describes the entire project as his 15th. 8000 meter climbing, referring to his climbing of all the 14 eighty-five peaks in the world.
The architecture of thought
The owner wanted a neat house, the architect gave her a giant toy box
Corones is the Latin name for crown, as it is also called in German. With the location at Kronplatz, which is a famous alpine town in the area, the project according to Messner is the crown of his museum work.
– It’s a place of silence where people can lower their pulses, take in the impressions and embark on a mental escape beyond all the peaks, he describes.
- Born in Baghdad in 1950. First studied math before she began to work with architecture.
- Was considered to be the largest female architect in the world.
- Her distinctive style was characterized by, among other things, the large use of round and organic shapes, and many of her buildings look very similar to other buildings.
- Some of her most famous buildings have been the London Aquatics Center for the Olympics in 2012 and the Guangzhou Opera House.
- She has received more awards for her architecture, among other things, she was the first woman to receive the Nobel Prize of Architecture, the Pritzker Prize.
Zaha Hadid Architects describes that some of the idea of the construction is that visitors should be able to go into the mountains, then to get out on the other side, on the terrace that hangs over the valley below and with a spectacular view.
Climbing and Architecture
As most other Zaha Hadid has drawn, Messner’s museum differs from most other buildings. It literally literally on the top of a mountain side, with four sections facing different directions, almost like the winds of a compass. Three of the elements move towards the valley, while the last, entrance part, faces backwards.
Have you been living here?
Zaha Hadid Architects explains that this is based on Messner’s clear instruction as to what directions the three perspectives should point.
The entire construction is in concrete and partly dug down the ground. All four elements have got collars to protect them from ice and stone that can fall from the surrounding mountains.