If you rent an apartment, you are responsible for maintaining it.
The late summer is usually the time when the rental market is beginning to touch, partly because there are many students looking for housing.
Too many can be a struggle to find an apartment. But once you have got a napp it is important to be focused when the contract is to be written.
One point that it makes sense to include in the contract is maintenance and refurbishment. What can you do as a tenant, what do you have to do and what rights and requirements apply to the landlord. Such a point is important, for example, because you as a tenant have a maintenance obligation.
– What we find is, however, that many tenants are not aware of the duty of maintenance, “says Ragnhild Løseth, Attorney General at Clicks.. no.
– However, there are also many landlords who neglect the maintenance obligation he or she has.
– It is a matter of the landlord’s obligation to keep the apartment in a proper condition, explains the communications manager at the rental agency, Nikolas Farmakis, against clicks. no.
No refurbishment without landlord’s permission
Buying quiz you hardly manage
The moment you take out a rental apartment, you also get an exclusive right to use it, but there are still some restrictions.
– The starting point is that you as a tenant can not do anything about the interior of the apartment if nothing is agreed, explains Løseth.
– So, if you want to paint, this must be agreed with the landlord.
She adds that there is full agreement on refurbishment and maintenance.
– This means that you can have a point about this in the contract if it is desirable. Maintenance regulations are also found in most leases. And usually you will find a solution if tenants want to do something, because it will often be in the interest of the owner that an apartment is refurbished.
The need to put their personal touch on an apartment does not have to go as far as a full renovation. Many people like pictures and other items they would like to hang on the walls. But also this may require permission from the landlord.
– It’s okay to hang up some pictures here and there. But when it comes to bigger things, such as a TV, consult your owner if this is okay, and where and how to hang it up, explains Farmakis.
– Some landlords do not like to hang up things on the walls and put this into the contract, so you should check it before you hang up anything.
– Enter a detailed refurbishment agreement with the landlord
Nikolas Farmakis is advised to enter into a detailed agreement if, as a tenant, you want to brush up.
At worst, you will not be rid of the tenant
– Make an in-depth agreement on the scope of the renovation. Also declare what will happen when the rental is terminated.
The latter is important because the principle is that if changes have been made in the interior, this should be returned to the way it was before the rental.
– And then you should agree who will pay for the renovation, which can represent a value increase for the owner. Often it is arranged that the landlord keeps the materials while the tenant does the job.
Return to Original Mode
What if you as a tenant initiates renovation or other interior work without the landlord’s permission is that you may be forced to bring the apartment back to the way it was. And even if the work you have done has led to a value increase.
This follows from section 10-2 of the Housing Act. The only exception is if the chargeback will lead to unreasonable costs for rents, but then the landlord “may claim the value reduction the changes have caused, as regards changes the renter was not entitled to perform” as stated in the section.
But it is not the case that the apartment should be returned as if it had never been used. Landlord must accept normal wear and tear.
– We often experience that landlords have an excessive expectation of how “unused” an apartment should look after rental. Normal wear and tear must be expected, and no rent is payable, explains Farmakis.
Although you as a tenant can not do anything in the apartment without the landlord’s consent, there are still things to do.
“Unless otherwise agreed, the tenant is obliged to maintain door locks, faucets, water closets, electrical contacts and switches, hot water tanks and fixtures and fittings in the housing that are not part of the property. The tenant is also obliged to perform the necessary function check, cleaning, battery change, testing and the like of smoke detectors and fire extinguishing equipment “, see section 5-3 of the rental act.
– Students push up rent prices
– The hirer also has a duty to prevent damage from developing, such as a leak that can lead to extensive damage. This is because the owner does not have the opportunity to follow in the same way, explains Farmakis.
And if you do not follow such damage, you may be liable to be liable.
– We have had some decisions where the tenant has had to compensate for damages as a result of failing to comply with his / her compliance obligation, “says Ellen Strømodden, acting director at the Household Committee.. no.
In one of the decisions, the tenant became responsible because he had not reported about water leakage. “The committee assumes that it has been advisable for the tenant that the lack of notice to the landlord could lead to damage and financial loss in the order of magnitude applicable”, the committee writes, among other things, in the decision.
– But such cases are generally few, because the rental periods are often so short that there are no such consequential damages. So the things we have the most from are lack of payment, compensation for damaged damage and lack of washing when moving out, adding Power to.
Landlord’s maintenance responsibility
But the landlord usually has a responsibility to keep the apartment in a proper condition, and neglecting the landlord’s duties, the tenant can take hold of himself.
– If the apartment does not meet the agreed standard and the landlord refuses to undertake anything, renting can arrange for the corrections and demand compensation from the landlord, says Ragnhild Løseth.
The contraceptions start at relegation
A landlord may come into inspection during the rental period, but in addition to that, he or she has limited access to the apartment. And according to Jussmediation, he or she can only make changes to a small extent. “This means that the landlord basically can not make changes to the property without the tenant’s consent, unless it is a matter of proper maintenance,” they write in the brochure Rent Lease.
– Leader may find himself in change, as long as the work is not a significant disadvantage for him or her, or the changes lead to lesser value for the tenant. Other changes may only be made with the consent of the leader. Leier may claim deductions in the rent due to the disadvantages of measures landlord initiates, explains Løseth
This restriction also implies that it is only at the time of relocation the landlord has an opportunity to conduct a thorough inspection. And that’s when the discussion takes place.
You can be thrown out even if you own the apartment
– First and foremost, it’s about bad washing. We also learn that rentals are often bad for aeration, garbage disposal and cleansing of extinguishing. Particularly the latter is important because sealing can be the start of major water damage as rents may become liable to.
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