Architecture

Not always what they claim to be

Funkis style contained both iconic villas and social housing projects.

Not always what they claim to be

The term funkis goes on both in residential reports and residential ads. “Stylish funkis- Semi-detached house”, it says in an advertisement. The residence was built in 2009, while the fun style existed in the period 1925 to 1940.

But what’s really funkis and can really buildings set in the 2000s be called funkis homes?

– I think we do not build functionalityistically today, but use the principles, says the department manager at Oslo Museum, the link Apall-Olsen, to click. no. She is responsible for the OsloFunkis exhibition, which is set up at Oslo Museum.

Professor of Art History at the University of Stavanger, Hild Sørby, makes more critical of the use of the concept of funkis at today’s newly built homes. “And in today’s reality, where the press writes more about architecture and home furnishings than ever before in the country, the concept of use is arbitrary and unclear,” she writes in the article “Nyfunkis, minimalism and funeral skills” in the booklet “Funkis”, given out of the Past Memorial Association.

“Apparently, there are only a few few features that can be used to design a house for funkis: it must be flat and straightforward and simple. Slight sloping pyramid roof and roof roofs are also accepted. “she continues.

A social starting point

Functionalism had its time from around 1925 to 1940, and many of the buildings that were built at that time have gained icon status in architecture history. Villa Stenersen is one of these, located on the west side of Oslo and built by the financier and art collector Rolf Stenersen.

According to “Funkis”, the house was referred to as the country’s most modern when it was finished in 1938, and was designed by one of the foremost exponents of the fun-style, Arne Korsmo. He has, together with other architects of the time, Sverre Aasland, designed a small village of funcule homes in Havna allé in Oslo. There is also another of the iconic feature villages, Villa Dammann.

However, these overclass villas, functionalism has strong social elements. According to civil architect and former researcher at NIBR, Jon Guttu, functionalism was part of a vision of the good housing. “The functionalist movement can be seen as part of a long-term and wide-ranging program for home dental hygiene (. ). “he writes in” Funkis “.

– Functionalism was a social policy input, but at the same time the space style also large, great icon building, says Hild Sørby to click. no.

Therefore, large monumental buildings were built, but also simpler buildings, intended for the majority. This branch of functionalism was widely called for builder-mastery because it was listed by builders who were inspired by functionalism.

Not always what they claim to be

VILLA STENERSEN: This is one of functionalism’s icon buildings, designed by Arne Korsmo for the financier and art collector Rolf Stenersen. The use of blue in the façade goes again in several of the buildings from that time. Photo: Alexander Berg jr.

Simple, geometric lines

Not always what they claim to be

The first thing they did was tear up walls and open the rooms

According to Apall-Olsen, functionalism builds on the idea that the good home should be functional and simple.

– It was about the simple, the good and the smart, she explains.

– It was very important that everything should be functional and convenient, describes Hild Sørby to click. no and adds that it was the purpose and functions as the particular form.

“Funkis buildings have a simple geometric shape, or are composed of clear geometric volumes that can be” p closed apart “visually. Functional architecture is most often designed with a comprehensive and carefully planned balance between the various building blocks – the surfaces, protruding elements such as balconies and canopies, and door and window openings. Funkis buildings rarely tolerate changes in the form of insertion of new / more windows or the creation of new extras without impairing the fine balance and hence the power of the functionalist expression. “Byantikvaren i Oslo in the booklet Take care of the funkis.

– A signal word for home buyers

Not always what they claim to be

FUNCTIONALISM: This house is one of 13 buildings that was built at the winner in Oslo and designed by architects Arne Korsmo and Sverre Aasland. It is a classic building with its straight lines, sloping ceilings and organic shapes (the arches in the entrance and the balcony above). Photo: Alexander Berg jr.

“Living in fun was in the 1930s something modern,” writes cultural historian Arne Lie Christensen in “Funkis”.

Not always what they claim to be

Yes, somebody lives here

Today, the use of concepts and understanding is more unclear according to Hild Sørby.

– The buyers think they buy funkis because they do not know what it is. You should also use other concepts, she says.

– When we call it, it’s because we see the similarities of the inter-war architecture, Apall-Olsen expands..

Associate Professor at BI Norwegian Business School, Gorm Kunøe, believes that the term can have a clearing effect for those on housing hunting.

– You can say that the term is suitable for segmenting the market. It acts as a signal word. As homeowners will get an indication of what it is about, and you can quickly make up their own opinion on what is a house you want to go on display in, he says to click. no.

But he also thinks funkis is a word of words.

– The most important thing is to get people on display, and then funkis can act as a good signal word.

When searching for Finn. no with the word “funkis”, 68 houses will be raised. Only three of them were built in the era of functionalism.

– One may ask the question of who owns the right to define the concept of functionalism, wondering Apall-Olsen.

– And those who work in the housing industry feel entitled to use it, but they choose the popular form funkis.

But if you ask the brokerage industry, it may seem that the justification is failing.

– I do not want to comment, says real estate agent and partner in Nordvik & Partners, Christian Mathiesen, to click. no when we ask him why they describe a house from 2009 as a fun housing.

A punctual violation

Functionalism was a clear violation of the prevailing architectural style of the early 1900s, which was characterized by ornamental use. Lars Backer, who, among other things, designed the Ekeberg restaurant, formulated this in the architectural magazine Byggekunst in 1925: “We want to go away from the masking and all the outlaws, the purposeful to determine the shape. Plan and facade must be a “.

Not always what they claim to be

FUNCTION: This house is also located in the same street as the house above and is designed by Korsmo and Aasland. Like all other funkis buildings, this also has a tight architecture. Photo: Alexander Berg jr.

“The result was a simple and” objective architecture “, characterized by straight lines, large surfaces and geometric shapes,” writes Lars Emil Hansen in Byminner, nr.. 4-2012.

Not always what they claim to be

Ingelin and Hans-Albert have 360 ​​degree views of the farm

– There was no need to use modern materials such as concrete and steel, says Hild Sørby.

– And one characteristic element was the corner windows, which sent the light into the room from two edges.

The Apall-Olsen link tells us that functionalism is a part of what can be called the age of modernism, extending from around the 1920s to today.

Funk’s Green Thoughts

Functionalism also gained importance in urban planning, including in terms of the green structure in Oslo.

– It was also used to control land use, says Apall-Olsen.

Not always what they claim to be

PRACTICAL SOLUTIONS: One of the hallmarks of functionalism was that it was solution oriented. It should be functional, hence the style’s name. The garage in Villa Steneresen on the winner is a good example of it. It goes in an arc so that you do not have to get out, just keep moving on to the other end. Photo: Alexander Berg jr.

And those who built funkis thought high and open, “explains Sørby.

Not always what they claim to be

Well planned light drop, good room feeling and high functionality

In his article in Buzzard, Apall-Olsen describes this idea; open green lines between raising buildings. “Politicians and professionals no longer wanted ‘pine green’ parks for the bourgeoisie, but recreational areas where the population could exercise physical education and socialize,” she writes, among other things.

And so on, the green areas built up against the basic idea of ​​functionalism; availability and deployment also for the majority.

How to take care of a fun house

Are you the owner of a classic funkusus, give the Byantikvaren in Oslo, in the booklet Take care of the funcion, more advice on how to keep the character style and character of the funk style. But they also describe the style’s vulnerability to changes. Among other things, they write that the details are often the first to be lost, if they are not conscious of preserving the elements.

“Door clinker, window sashes and fittings – then the door and window, kitchen, bathroom and wardrobe interior. These are important qualities! “They emphasize.

At the same time, however, they are clear that one should be aware of the whole, and it also involves focusing on the housing’s surfaces; its use of materials, shape and coloration.

Not always what they claim to be

IKONBYGG: Villa Riise at Hamar can be said to be one of functionalism’s icon buildings, designed by Arne Korsmo and Sverre Aasland. The house is built in a brick wall. Photo: Wikipedia Commons

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Looking for good interior ideas? You can find them in the Inspiration Guide

Not always what they claim to be

FUNCTION IN THE MOUNTAIN: This villa is designed by Leif Grung and is located in Bergen. It shows, partly, how the functionalism utilized interlaced elements, and how the facade was composed by the different elements. Photo: Frode Inge Helland / Wikimedia Commons

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